Preventing Coronavirus

Please read the following information for preventing Coronavirus:

At this time, there is no vaccine for COVID-19 or any natural health products that are authorized to protect against it.

If you have travelled to an at-risk area

If you have travelled to Hubei province, China, Iran or northern Italy in the last 14 days, limit your contact with others for 14 days, starting the day you began your journey to Canada. This means self-isolate and stays at home. Contact the public health authority in your province or territory within 24 hours of arriving in Canada for advice.

If you have COVID-19, reduce contact with others

If you are sick, the following steps will help to reduce contact with others:

  • stay at home and self-isolate (unless directed to seek medical care)
    • if you must leave your home, wear a mask or cover your mouth and nose with tissues, and maintain a 2-metre distance from others
  • avoid individuals in hospitals and long-term care centres, especially older adults and those with chronic conditions or compromised immune systems
  • avoid having visitors to your home
  • cover your mouth and nose with your arm when coughing and sneezing
  • have supplies delivered to your home instead of running errands
    • supplies should be dropped off outside to ensure a 2-metre distance

Being prepared

It is important to know how you can prepare in case you or a family member become ill.

Hygiene

Proper hygiene can help reduce the risk of infection or spreading the infection to others:

  • wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after using the washroom and when preparing food
    • use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available
  • when coughing or sneezing:
    • cough or sneeze into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand
    • dispose of any tissues you have used as soon as possible in a lined wastebasket and wash your hands afterwards
  • avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
  • clean the following high-touch surfaces frequently with regular household cleaners or diluted bleach (1 part bleach to 9 parts water):
    • toys
    • toilets
    • phones
    • electronics
    • door handles
    • bedside tables
    • television remotes

Wearing masks

If you are a healthy individual, the use of a mask is not recommended for preventing the spread of COVID-19.

Wearing a mask when you are not ill may give a false sense of security. There is a potential risk of infection with improper mask use and disposal. They also need to be changed frequently.

However, your health care provider may recommend you wear a mask if you are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 while you are seeking or waiting for care. In this instance, masks are an appropriate part of infection prevention and control measures. The mask acts as a barrier and helps stop the tiny droplets from spreading you when you cough or sneeze.

For Public Health Authority contact information in Nova Scotia, please call 811